National Holocaust Museum
Plantage Middenlaan 24, 27, 29, Amsterdam
2019-2022
National Holocaust Museum
Plantage Middenlaan 24, 27, 29, Amsterdam
2019-2022
Renovation of the Hollandsche Schouwburg and the Hervormde Kweekschool for the National Holocaust Museum
Adress: Plantage Middenlaan 24, 27, 29, Amsterdam
Area: 3,500 m2
Client: Foundation Hollandsche Schouwburg
Architects: Office Winhov
Team: Uri Gilad, Inez Tan, Leon Kentrop, András Szél, Anna Janssen, Franco Serra, Maria Trombetta
Photography: Luuk Kramer
National Holocaust Museum
Plantage Middenlaan 24, 27, 29, Amsterdam
2019-2022

As a singular and emotionally-charged location, the National Holocaust Museum tells the history of the persecution of Dutch Jews during World War II. The museum consists of two buildings, the former theatre Hollandsche Schouwburg and the former nursery school Hervormde Kweekschool, which are located across the street from each other on Amsterdam’s Plantage Middenlaan.

The Hollandsche Schouwburg was the assembly point from which Jews were deported to the camps, and as such was already an established memorial site. The story of the ‘Reformed Nursery School’ is less well known: it was here where parents handed over around 600 of their young children to care families.

While preserving the buildings’ surviving historical elements, the museum will be a space for both remembrance and where history is told and passed on to future generations.

The design for the Hollandsche Schouwburg is based on Jan Leupen's original plan, but then updated to meet the museum's new visitor and safety requirements. The Hervormde Kweekschool will be the actual museum, with its former function as school being highlighted through the structures of the classrooms and corridors. The building’s historical contoured facade is also regaining focus – albeit in a more abstract manner. While the entrance will be in the adjacent new building, the rear extensions will house a large hall for temporary exhibitions, an auditorium and a separate memorial garden.

National Holocaust Museum
Plantage Middenlaan 24, 27, 29, Amsterdam
2019-2022
Impression of the new facades for the Hervormde Kweekschool and the entrance building
Hollandsche Schouwburg during World War II with Nazi guards, 1942
Hervormde Kweekschool designed by Gerlof Salm, 1888
Memorial site, 1962
New situation of the Hollandsche Schouwburg and the Hervormde Kweekschool Current situation of the Hollandsche Schouwburg and the Hervormde Kweekschool Original situation of the Hollandsche Schouwburg and the Hervormde Kweekschool
New situation of the Hollandsche Schouwburg and the Hervormde Kweekschool
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Scheme of a continuous route between the two buildings, crossing the tram track
An open connection with the memorial site designed by Jan Leupen ca. 1960
The new entrance hall of the Hollandsche Schouwburg refers to the original design by Jan Leupen
Axonometry Hollandsche Schouwburg
Impression of the courtyard Hollandsche Schouwburg
Impression of the entrance of the National Holocaust Museum
Drawings of the entrance Drawings of the cafe Ground floor plan
Drawings of the entrance
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Impression of the abstract reconstructions of the facades of the Hervormde Kweekschool and the new entrance building
Facade of Plantage Middenlaan 27 and 29, the Hervormde Kweekschool
New facades Plantage Middenlaan 27 and 29 Facades Plantage Middenlaan 27 and 29 <br>1950-2022 Facades Plantage Middenlaan 27 and 29<br>1888-1950
New facades Plantage Middenlaan 27 and 29
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Model for the new facade of the Kweekschool
Impression of the garden with the separation wall